Dressel 1to 6: wine amphoras; Dressel 1: Roman wine amphora, B.C. to 13 A.D.; Dressel 2: Roman wine amphora, 16 B.C. to 29 A.D.; Dressel 3: Roman. An amphora is a type of container of a characteristic shape and size, descending from at least .. The first type of Roman amphora, Dressel 1, appears in central Italy in the late 2nd century BC. This type had thick walls and a characteristic red . Distinctive Features. This was the most common type of late Republican Roman amphora. Following an early classificatory scheme by Lamboglia (), the.

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But Dressel 12 has not yet been reported from Britain and the earliest salazones here are invariably Dressel 9.

Potsherd: Atlas of Roman Pottery

On dresse, Adriatic coast the older types were replaced by the Lamboglia 2 type, a wine amphora commonly produced between the end of the 2nd and the 1st century BC. Consideration was given to the possibility that the sherds in question were Iron Age arrivals, and that the form present was not in fact Gauloise 4.

Although there were great aamphora in antiquity with hinterlands, such as Alexandria or Ostia, the relative costs of land, inland waterway and sea transport before the advent of railways encouraged the use of water transport wherever possible Duncan Jones The Roman invasion of Britain may have been the final factor in the disruption of the trade patterns that had brought Heybridge its brief but startling success.

Examination in detail of the contexts of the Ceramic Phase 3 Gaulish amphoras showed them to lie at the end of the phase. There are no rich graves from the first half of the 1st century AD with as many wine amphoras as the c.

After the Roman invasion, the tempo of amphora-borne trade slackened. Discoveries of kilns, field surveys and painted inscriptions on the form show Dressel 1 was produced in western central Italy, in Campania, Latium and Etruria.


Dressel was present in Ceramic Phase 1 c.

It finds further expression in the relative numbers of Dressel 1 and Dressel shipwrecks, with nearly twice as many Dressel 1 shipwrecks as those with Dressel The form was identified on the basis of a neck sherd with amphors furrowing and a handle with oval section rising from the upper end of the neck Figureno.

Further, the term also stands for an ancient Roman unit of measurement for liquids. Gaulish amphoras are securely assigned dresel the southern province of Gallia Narbonensis on the basis of the many kiln sites reported; sporadic production took place further north Laubenheimer Another major Late Iron Age settlement with international connections in the south-east that suffered a similar slide in its fortunes in the 1st century AD was Braughing, Hertfordshire.

The fourteen shipwrecks with Catalan Dressel reviewed by Corsi-Sciallano and Liou all fall within a half century or so of each other down to Nero and point to a vigorous but short-lived economic current, one in which Heybridge participated. Retrieved from ” https: I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:.

Archives: Amphora: Details of Dressel 23

The form was produced ampnora Baetica along the River Guadalquivir between Seville and Corduba, and along the lower reaches of its navigable tributaries Martin-Kilcher4, ; Carreras Monfort and Funari Stamped lead ingots show the ship sank in the reign of Vespasian Parker Retrieved 6 November Sting as the author and distribute the copies and derivative works under the same license s that the one s stated below.

Some of the exports listed by Strabo show that Britain had found herself drawn into the network of economic relations that led to the Roman garrisons across the channel. The thicknesses of Dressel body sherds at Elms Farm have been fully recorded and a random selection shows dimensions of 8, 8.

One of the earliest examples comes from a context dated c.

Internet Archaeol. Atkinson and Preston. The Amphoras

Their fabric normally has abundant red pellets, but the sherds have lost these inclusions from their outer surfaces to give sherds a pitted and vesicular appearance. The contents of the type remain unknown, although the modest capacities of these jars suggest wine.


The nasty incidents described by Brogan are not a far cry from remarks by Tacitus Germania 23 or the low conduct of M. Another specimen was found on the c. Distribution Very common in the western Mediterranean area, especially the coasts of southern France, Spain and Lusitaniawhere all variants are found in very great numbers Panella, ; Tchernia, ; Fitzpatrick, ; Will, b; Poux, Pascual 1 at Elms Farm: Both have laid emphasis on the concentrations of Dressel 20 on military sites and the role of the state in provisioning garrisons with olive oil.

Simple bead rims are not confined to Dressel and are not in themselves therefore diagnostic of the form. Identical handles are found on the inelegantly named mid-Roman Campanian amphoras of the 2nd to early 4th centuries AD.

Indeed the presence or absence of ‘early amphorae’ has been used to help locate the border between the Trinovantes and Iceni Martin68, fig. The flexed handles with their round sections are distinctive; so too are the rims with their short and rounded profiles, eventually becoming angular towards the end of the life of the form.

This article contains special characters. They do not seem to have been name stamps as such and may have played some part in the monitoring of kiln output Olmer One needs to look to the European mainland for comparanda.

It reads …M Figureno. Two vessels from south Cambridgeshire lie in marginal territory and one of them might even be a modern antiquarian import Peacockciting Drfssel; Hill et al.

It is difficult to avoid the feeling qmphora merchant venturers from the Roman world lie behind this and the other graffiti from pre-conquest Skeleton Green and Braughing. Honey wine mulsum and the sweet wine called passum made from dried grapes raisins are both also attested by inscriptions.