The earliest known principles of war were documented by Sun Tzu, circa BCE. Machiavelli war in Then in , Antoine-Henri Jomini published his “Maxims” for War version 1, “Didactic Resume” and “Maxims” for War version 2. In The Art of War (), Jomini outlined several Principles of War, of which three were essential. First, keeping in mind the military objective, one should. while Jomini’s—still extant in the form of most modern militaries’ doctrinal. “ principles of war”—hold enduring truths relating to operational art and tactics.

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Little, Brown, and Company, ; reprinted Westport, Conn.: These attempts are part of a reaction against the predominance of Clausewitzian theory in this country since the Vietnam war. Hattaway, Herman, and Archer Jones. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. University of Illinois Press, Book 2, 3 Military Wwar.

Principles of war – Wikipedia

They are enduring, but not immutable, absolute or prescriptive, and provide an appropriate principkes for all military activity. The Duke of Wellington considered him a pompous charlatan.

The History of the Principles of War Today, these lessons remain an important part of the military’s educational process. These direct but unacknowledged borrowings from On War convince many readers that the two theorists were thinking on parallel tracks. The book was used for most military exams in Japan.

Jomini and Clausewitz–Their Interaction

Carl von Clausewitz was a professional soldier from the age of 12 to his death from Cholera—a disease he incurred on active duty—at the age of War, he said in his unfinished work On Warwas too involved with immeasurable moral and other factors to be reduced to a science.


The defense of Ney almost cost Jomini his position in the Russian service.

Most discussions of Jomini princciples him to Clausewitz. Jomini was born in Payerne in the canton of VaudSwitzerlandon 6 Marchwhere [1] his father served as mayor. The military principles jomino war of the People’s Liberation Army were loosely based on those of the Soviet Union until the s when a significant shift begun to be seen in a more regionally-aware, and geographically-specific strategic, operational and tactical thinking in all services.

The initial essay dealt with the tactics of combat, and suggested the following general principles:. Long personal experiences in principlea Napoleonic Wars, albeit usually on different sides. Jomini stressed simplicity and clarity over a “pretentious” search for deeper truths.

Principles of war

The archduke has had very little influence in the United States or Great Britain, since his work was never translated into English. Unlike most biographical discussions of the Swiss, which are based on his own highly colored reminiscences to people he wished to impress, Elting’s study is based on Xavier de Courville, Jomini, ou de le Devin de Napoleon Paris, Such arguments often focus on the problem of nuclear war, but it seems increasingly likely that it is the nuclear theorists, not Clausewitz, who have been rendered obsolescent.


His basic ideas, many of them influenced by his reading of Henry Fo, include interior and exterior lines, the decisive point, concentration of strength against weakness, annihilation of the enemy force, the primary importance of the offensive, surprise, and the potentially decisive role of logistics.

More importantly, a point that Napoleon commented upon, was the fact that he was a Swiss citizen, not a Frenchman. Page 8 of [8].

Antoine-Henri Jomini

How do Jomini and Napoleon compare in their views of what constitutes effective command? They direct the inquiry exclusively toward physical quantities, whereas all military action is intertwined with psychological forces princlples effects.

His intelligence, facile pen, and actual experience of war made his writings a great deal more credible and useful than so brief a description can imply.

rpinciples Sun Tzu, Clausewitz and Jomini London: He dealt at length with a number of practical subjects logistics, seapower that Clausewitz had largely ignored. Carl von Clausewitz wrote his version in building on the work of earlier writers. The first principle has always been stated as pre-eminent and the second is usually considered more important than the remainder, which are not listed in any order of importance.

WeigleyThe American Way of War: Is Clausewitz Still Relevant?