call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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But what changed was Cisco was trying to eliminate the brain dump sites that were starting to pop up. They voicce decreased the number of questions on the exam from 60 to 70 to 55 to 65 questions per exam. Got to conserve those IPs! Good times though back then. So what was added?

Cisco Router and Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and switch platform? Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to 90 minutes.

These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches.

CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

So if you take your time and really absorb and learn the CCNA objectives, it will be something you will be able to use for a long, long time in your computer networking career. The composite exam consisted of questions and 90 minutes to complete them all. Simply Cisco removed ISDN from ccnq exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches. We will touch on this more in a bit.

Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped. If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam. Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern. Four years later in October we see the update of the exam to the revision.


Troubleshooting — To marry up with the CCNP revisions that will be introduced about a year later, Cisco starts to introduce the concept of knowing how to troubleshoot a device and not just set it up. So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam. So you can see how much they have dropped in price over the years. This helped to keep the question pool fresh. About a year later inCisco saw the need to really break out different disciplines for their CCNA track.

As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above. Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer.

Finally to and the new CCNA exam. Do you remember what a MAU was? Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam. I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today.

Well, at least in theory. Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time. At this time of the Cisco certification evolution, passing either of the exams did not earn the candidate any type of certification.

In the two exam format, there are 60 minutes in length each instead of 90 minutes for the single, composite exam.

History of the CCNA Certification –

Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification. The two exam option was 50 to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in 75 voicd for the new ICND2 option. Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see 460-4661 the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years!


Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about. You may note how they incremented from the previous, numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam. ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits. There were very few changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between However, this left a glaring hole for those who wanted to break into the new and exciting world of computer networking.

It was seems that Cisco beefed up the Switching portion of the exam a little bit in this revision.

It never really took off and it was removed about 2 years later while still the exam. We will see that evolve later. Frame Relay — Still on the exam for voicee networks that span multiple geographic locations.


Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2. Really there was very little change to the exam except I am pretty sure this is where they removed AppleTalk and Token Ring from the exam and made the announcement of IOS Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced. The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam. You would receive this certification when you cccna your ICND1 exam.